Coarse hempen cloth; Eastern England.--James Helliwell's Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, 1855
Hempen cloth of very coarse texture. Perhaps so named because only fit to be used as bags or wrappers for rolls or bales of finer goods.--Rev. Robert Forby's Vocabulary of East Anglia, 1830
Feast Day of St. Jonas,
a patron of those engaged in horticultural work -- employment sometimes jokingly referred to as "Adam's profession." Cuthbert Johnson's Farmer's Encyclopedia and Dictionary (1844) offered farmers several reasons to consider planting cannabis, stating, "The refuse, called hemp sheaves, affords an excellent fuel, and the fine oil obtained from the seeds, as it is perfectly limpid, possesses no smell. Another valuable property of hemp is that it effectively expels vermin from plantations of cabbages. If it be sown on the borders of fields planted with that vegetable, no caterpillar will infest it." George Washington, an early cultivator of the controversial plant, advised in 1794, "Make the most you can of the hemp seed, and so it everywhere."